Sustainable mushroom production

After all, are mushrooms vegetables? NO! Mushrooms are FUNGI. More properly, they are the reproductive structure of the fungus (where spores are produced and stored to reproduction).

The benefits of mushrooms have been known to humans for thousands of years. The nutritional and therapeutic value of many species is no longer a secret, and their production, in addition to being a source of income for families, has other environmental and social advantages.

The most cultivated mushroom species (3/4 of all mushroom production) are Agaricus bisporus (White mushrooms), Lentinula edodes (Shiitake) and Pleurotus
spp. (Oyster).

What are the advantages of growing mushrooms?

. Source of income, partial or total for families;

. Rich in proteins and micronutrients (minerals and vitamins);

. They have nutritional and therapeutically properties;

. They do not need soil to grow;

. Its cultivation is independent of the climate;

. They recycle waste from agriculture, producing a composted substrate, which can be used in horticultural crops.

Which steps should be taken for sustainable mushroom production?

. Understanding the mushroom cultivation process;

. Creation of a network of contacts and dissemination;

. Respond to demand in a balanced way;

. Innovation;

. Organization and planning;

. Transparency.



FAO. (2009). Make money by growing mushrooms. Diversification booklet 7. Rural Infrastructure and Agro-Industries Division.

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