According to FAO, the Blue World (world’s marine and freshwater ecosystems) is a source of biodiversity, a resource of food and livelihoods for hundreds of millions of people. Oceans host 80% of the species’ biodiversity in our planet, 3 billion people feed from fishery and 1 in 10 work in the fishery industry.
30% of fish is overfished. Today, overexploitation, illegal and unregulated fishing, climate change and pollution are some hazards to the aquatic systems.
So, in order to protect the Blue World and communities around the world that depends on fishery to live, FAO launched, in 2013 the Blue Growth Initiative (BGI), according to the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF). This code was established by taking into account the economic, environmental, social, nutritional and cultural scopes.
This initiative intends to:
. Contribute to the 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals by bringing sustainable management practices to aquatic systems;
. Explore alternative sources of food security and work;
. Study alternatives to moderate extreme weather and climate changes consequences effects on the aquatic ecosystems;
. Explore the economic diversification and increases energy efficiencies, adding value to supply chains.
Concluding, BGI promotes sustainability in aquatic systems, in order to bring “nutritious and safe food with a low ecological impact”.